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Apollodorus of Damascus

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Works Markets of Trajan, at Rome, Italy, 100 to 112.

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Apollodorus of Damascus

(Early part of Second Century A. D.)

Apollodorus lived during the early part of the second century. Supposedly born in Damascus, Apollodorus acted as the chief architect for the Roman emperor Trajan. He was a master engineer, a bridge builder and sculptor, as well as the author of technical treatises.

A prominent figure of his time, he worked on several important commission within Rome. Although his name has often been incorrectly attached to buildings that he did not design, he was responsible for many great works of his time. As one of the few known architects to design during the period between the architecture of Vitruvius and Brunelleschi, he has received much attention.

Although Apollodorus lacked the creativity of Severus and Celer, he clearly lived up to Vitruvius's prescription that architects should achieve high levels of skill in all artistic areas. Judging from the remains of his Forum, Basilica, Baths, and Markets, Apollodorus was a gifted and innovative designer. His work embodied the central principles of one of the Roman imperial style.

References
Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 1. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p91-93.

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