Architect  

Auguste Perret

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Works Notre Dame du Raincy, at Raincy, France, 1922.

Rue Franklin Apartments, at Paris, France, 1902 to 1904.

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Biography

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Auguste Perret

(b. Ixelles, Belgium 1874; d. 1954)

Auguste Perret was born in Ixelles, Belgium in 1874. The son of a prosperous builder, Perret entered the Ecole des Beaux Arts in 1891 but never officially graduated because it would have negated his ability to work as a contractor.

Auguste Perret and his brother, Gustave, inherited their father's building company and began experimenting with reinforced concrete. For their first project, they created the first multistory concrete building by utilizing reinforced concrete. The pair quickly established themselves as specialists in concrete design.

Perret created an architecture that effectively blended modern theories with Gothic forms. In contrast to most modern theorists, Perret showed a concern for detail and texture. He established a connection between natural forms, classical symmetry and order, and the structural system of concrete.

Although Perret viewed concrete as a superior form of construction to masonry, he viewed each element separately. He did not use concrete to form a structural whole in the way suggested by Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p120-121.

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