Architect  

Donato Bramante

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Works S. Maria Della Pace, at Rome, Italy, 1478 to 1483.

Tempietto of San Pietro, at Montorio, Rome, Italy, 1502.

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Biography

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Donato Bramante

(b. near Urbino, Italy 1444; d. Rome, Italy 1514)

Donato Bramante was born in Monte Asdruald (now Fermignano) near Urbino in 1444. Little is known of his early training, but from a very young age he studied painting under Mantegna and Piero della Francesca. In 1499 Bramante moved to Rome, where he came to the attention of the future Pope Julius II. In November 1503 Julius engaged Bramante for the renewal of the Vatican complex.

In his work, Bramante changed conventional architectural space by inserting illusionistic features more typical of painting and stage settings. In his Roman projects, particularly those for St. Peter's, he achieved the "grand manner" which indirectly led to Mannerism. Historically, his importance is due to the way he inspired and influenced successive architects rather than through his original buildings, few of which survive unaltered.

Bramante died in Rome in 1514, a year after his patron Pope Julius II.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p28.

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