Architect  

Le Corbusier

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Works Carpenter Center, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1961 to 1964.
Centre Le Corbusier, at Zurich, Switzerland, 1963 to 1967.
Convent of La Tourette, at Eveux-sur-Arbresle, near Lyon, France, 1957 to 1960.  * 3D Model *
House at Weissenhof, at Stuttgart, Germany, 1927.  * 3D Model *
Maisons Jaoul, at Neuilly-sur-Seine, Paris, France, 1954 to 1956.
Museum at Ahmedabad, at Ahmedabad, India, 1953 to 1957.
Notre-Dame-du-Haut, at Ronchamp, France, 1955.  * 3D Model *
Ozenfant House and Studio, at Paris, France, 1922.  * 3D Model *
Palace of Assembly, at Chandigarh, India, 1953 to 1963.
Philips Pavilion, at Brussels, Belgium, 1958.
Shodan House, at Ahmedabad, India, 1956.  * 3D Model *
Unite d'Habitation, at Marseilles, France, 1946 to 1952.  * 3D Model *
United Nations Headquarters, with others, at New York, New York, 1947 to 1953.
Villa Savoye, at Poissy, France, 1928 to 1929.  * 3D Model *
Villa Stein, at Garches, France, 1927.
Weekend house by Corbu, at suburb of Paris, France, 1935.

      map of works

Biography

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Le Corbusier

(b. La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland 1887; d. Cap Martin, France 1965)

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris was born in La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland, 1887. Trained as an artist, he travelled extensively through Germany and the East. In Paris he studied under Auguste Perret and absorbed the cultural and artistic life of the city. During this period he developed a keen interest in the synthesis of the various arts. Jeanneret-Gris adopted the name Le Corbusier in the early 1920s.

Le Corbusier's early work was related to nature, but as his ideas matured, he developed the Maison-Domino, a basic building prototype for mass production with free-standing pillars and rigid floors. In 1917 he settled in Paris where he issued his book Vers une architecture [Towards a New Architecture], based on his earlier articles in L'Esprit Nouveau.

From 1922 Le Corbusier worked with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret. During this time, Le Corbusier's ideas began to take physical form, mainly as houses which he created as "a machine for living in" and which incorporated his trademark five points of architecture.

During World War II, Le Corbusier produced little beyond some theories on his utopian ideals and on his modular building scale. In 1947, he started his Unite d'habitation. Although relieved with sculptural roof-lines and highly colored walls, these massive post-war dwelling blocks received justifiable criticism.

Le Corbusier's post-war buildings rejected his earlier industrial forms and utilized vernacular materials, brute concrete and articulated structure. Near the end of his career he worked on several projects in India, which utilized brutal materials and sculptural forms. In these buildings he readopted the recessed structural column, the expressive staircase, and the flat undecorated plane of his celebrated five points of architecture.

Le Corbusier did not fare well in international competition, but he produced town-planning schemes for many parts of the world, often as an adjunct to a lecture tour. In these schemes the vehicular and pedestrian zones and the functional zones of the settlements were always emphasized.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p92-94.

Resources Sources on Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier: Complete Works. Germany: Birkhauser Verlag, August 1996. ISBN 3-7643-5515-8. Boxed set of 8 Volumes, 1708 pages. — The definitive complete works of Le Corbusier. Available at Amazon.com

Le Corbusier. Towards a New Architecture. London: Dover Publications, February 1986. ISBN 0-4862-5023-7. — Corbu's own historic architectural manifesto from the very beginning of the Modern era in architecture, reprinted by Dover. Available at Amazon.com

Amazon.com   Find books about Le Corbusier

Search the RIBA architecture library catalog for more references on Le Corbusier
 

Web Resources Links on Le Corbusier

Fondation Le Corbusier — the official Corbu organization. (site in French)

Le Corbusier at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

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