Architect  

Marcel Breuer

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Works Breuer House I, at Lincoln, Massachusetts, 1939.
Breuer House II, at New Canaan, Connecticut, 1948.  * 3D Model *
Chamberlain Cottage, at Wayland, Massachusetts, 1940.
Frank House, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1939.
Geller House, at Lawrence, Long Island, New York, 1945.
J. Ford House, at Lincoln, Massachusetts, 1939.
Robinson House, at Williamstown, Massachusetts, 1947.
Ski Town Flaine, at Flaine, France, 1960 to 1980.
St. John's Abbey, at Collegeville, Minnesota, 1953 to 1961.
Starkey House, at Duluth, Minnesota, 1955.
UNESCO Headquarters, at Paris, France, 1952 to 1958.   Photo at ArchitectureWeek
Whitney Museum, at New York, New York, 1966.  * 3D Model *

      map of works

Biography

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Marcel Breuer

( b. Pecs, Hungary 1902; d. New York, N.Y. 1981)

Marcel Breuer was born in Pecs, Hungary in 1902. He studied at Allami Foreaiskola, at Pecs, and at the Bauhaus in Weimar where he graduated in 1924. He taught at the Bauhaus in Dessau until 1928 and practiced in Berlin for three years afterwards. After working for one year in London with F. R. S. Yorke, he emigrated to the United States where he worked as an associate professor at Harvard and maintained a working arrangement with Walter Gropius. He operated a New York practice from 1946 until his retirement in 1976.

Breuer's early projects in the United States were largely domestic, but in 1952 he worked with Nervi and Zehrfuss as architect for the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. This prestigious work carried his practice into the international field.

Breuer's buildings were always distinguished by an attention to detail and a clarity of expression. Considered one of the last true functionalist architects, Breuer helped shift the bias of the Bauhaus from "Arts & Crafts" to "Arts & Technology". Many pieces of modern, tubular steel furniture in use today, including the Cesca and Wassily chairs by Breuer himself and still in production, can trace their origins back to the Breuer experiments of the mid-20's.

Breuer died in New York in 1981.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p28-29.

Marcel Breuer was the AIA Gold Medal recipient in 1968.

Resources Sources on Marcel Breuer

"Breuer and Noyes in New Canaan", by William D. Earls, ArchitectureWeek No. 353, 2007.1010, pC1.1.

Robert F. Gatje, et al. Marcel Breuer : A Memoir. Foreword by I.M. Pei. Monacelli Press, October 2000. ISBN 1580930298. — Available at Amazon.com

David Masello. Architecture Without Rules : The Houses of Marcel Breuer and Herbert Beckhard. W.W. Norton & Company, February 1996. ISBN 0393313751. — Available at Amazon.com

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