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Kaufmann Desert House, at Palm Springs, California, 1946.|
Lovell House, at Los Angeles, California, 1928.
(b. Vienna 1892; d.Wuppertal, Germany 1970)
Richard Neutra was born in Vienna in 1892. He graduated in 1917 from the Technische Hochschule, Vienna, where he had been taught by Adolf Loos, and was influenced by Otto Wagner. He worked for Erich Mendelsohn in 1921-22 and in 1923 emigrated to the U.S. where he worked on several projects with Rudolf N. Schindler before establishing his own practice.
Neutra created a modern regionalism for Southern California which combined a light metal frame with a stucco finish to create a light effortless appearance. "He specialized in extending architectural space into a carefully arranged landscape. The dramatic images of flat-surfaced, industrialized residential buildings contrasted against nature were popularized by the photography of Julius Shulman."
An experienced and outspoken writer and speaker, Neutra worked with a series of successful partners including his wife, Dione, from 1922, his protege, Robert Alexander, from 1949-58 and his son, Dion, from 1965. He adamantly believed that modern architecture must act as an social force in the betterment of mankind.
Neutra died in Wuppertal, Germany in 1970.
|Resources||Sources on Richard Neutra|
"Neutra House in Palm Springs Destroyed", by ArchitectureWeek, ArchitectureWeek No. 95, 2002.0424, pN1.1.
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