Architect  

Rudolf Steiner

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Works Goetheanum I, at Dornach, near Basel, Switzerland, 1913 to 1920.

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Biography

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Rudolf Steiner

(b. Kraljevec, Austria 1861; d. Dornach, Switzerland 1925)

Rudolph Steiner was born in Kraljevec, Austria in 1861. Steiner studied at the Vienna Technical College, where he educated himself in the philosophies of Goethe and Nietzche.

Although an admirer of the German architect Gottfried Semper, he viewed Semper's ideas on material functionalism and the technique of art as incorrect. Steiner advocated a more intuitive design style.

Highly interested in the alignment between science and nature, matter and spirit, Steiner developed an anthropomorphic architecture for his own Anthroposophical Society. Steiner produced few buildings in his lifetime, but he lectured extensively on his theories. His "organic architecture" has undergone a recent revival in interest.

Steiner died in Dornach, Switzerland in 1925.

References
Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p147.

Resources Sources on Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Steiner : His Life and Work. Gilbert Childs. Anthroposophic Press, September 1996. ISBN 0880103914. — Available at Amazon.com

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Rudolf Steiner ArchiveBiography and bibliography

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