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|Location||London, England, UK map|
|Date||2000 to 2004 timeline|
|Building Type||commercial office tower, skyscraper|
|Construction System||glass cladding|
|Style||High Tech Modern|
|Notes||The Swiss Re tower, nicknamed the Gherkin for its tall, rounded, pickle-like shape.|
|Discussion||30 St Mary Axe Commentary
Said to be London's first environmentally sustainable skyscraper.
"Windows in the lightwells open automatically to augment the air conditioning system with natural ventilation, an occurrence anticipated to save energy for up to 40% of the year.
"The floorplans are shaped like flowers, with a circular perimeter indented by 6 triangular light courts. The indentations remain a constant size at each level, while the space between them diminishes.
"The floor plan is rotated for each successive floor, creating a series of spiraling 5-storey atria that stretch the full height of the building."
Winner of the 2004 RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture.
41 floors. Height 180 m (590 ft)
Sources on 30 St Mary Axe
"Swiss Re Tower by Foster and Partners", by Don Barker, ArchitectureWeek No. 238, 2005.0504, pD1.1.
"Modeling the Swiss Re Tower", by Foster and Partners, ArchitectureWeek No. 238, 2005.0504, pT1.1.
Kenneth Powell. New London Architecture. london, UK: Merrell/St. Martin's Press. cover photo. Available at Amazon.com
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