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|Architect||Louis H. Sullivan||
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|Location||Chicago, Illinois map|
|Date||1886 to 1890 timeline|
|Building Type||civic auditorium|
|Construction System||bearing masonry|
|Style||Eclectic Romanesque Revival, Richardsonian|
|Notes||with Dankmar Adler.|
|Discussion||Auditorium Building Commentary
"The Auditorium was built for a syndicate of businessmen to house a large civic opera house; to provide an economic base it was decided to wrap the auditorium with a hotel and office block. Hence Adler & Sullivan had to plan a complex multiple-use building. Fronting on Michigan Avenue, overlooking the lake, was the hotel (now Roosevelt University) while the offices were placed to the west on Wabash Avenue. The entrance to the auditorium is on the south side beneath the tall blocky seventeen-story tower. The rest of the building is a uniform ten stories, organized in the same way as Richardson's Marshall Field Wholesale Store. The interior embellishment, however, is wholly Sullivan's, and some of the details, because of their continuous curvilinear foliate motifs, are among the nearest equivalents to European Art Nouveau architecture."
Leland M. Roth. A Concise History of American Architecture. p179-80.
Some interior details were probably drawn by Frank Lloyd Wright, who started in Sullivan's office as a draftsman in 1887.
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p1241.
10 stories high, load-bearing masonry construction.
Sources on Auditorium Building
Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section drawings, p156.
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. plan drawing, p112. elevation, p112. upper floor plan, p112. site plan, p112. diagrams, p113. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p1240. exterior photo, p1241. The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Wim De Wit, ed. Louis Sullivan: The Function of Ornament. New York: W. W. Norton and Company. Exterior photo of building from street, f32, p36. Interior photo of auditorium, f36, p41.
Leland M. Roth. A Concise History of American Architecture. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1979. ISBN 0-06-430086-2. NA705.R67 1979. exterior photo, f156, p180. discussion, p179-180.
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