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|Architect||Rogers and Piano||
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|Location||Paris, France map|
|Date||1972 to 1976 timeline|
|Building Type||modern art museum|
|Construction System||high-tech steel and glass|
|Notes||The "Centre Georges Pompidou", or "Pompidou Center", formerly "Centre Beaubourg". Massive structural expressionist cast exoskeleton, "exterior" escalators enclosed in transparent tube. Designed by the collaboration of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano.|
|Discussion||Centre Pompidou Commentary
"In the centre of historic Paris, within one kilometre of Notre Dame and the Louvre, and on the edge of the densely populated medieval quarter. At the time of the competition the area was in crisis. The neighboring Les Halles, which had housed Paris's principal food market for generations, was in the process of demolition, to be replaced by a large commercial development and major public transport interchange....A million square foot cultural centre to consist of four major specialist activities: museum of modern art, a reference library, centre for industrial design and a centre for music and acoustic research. Areas for office administration, book shops, restaurants, cinemas, children's activities and car parking were also to be included."
Barbie Campbell Cole and Ruth Elias Rogers, ed. Richard Rogers + Partners. p90-91.
The Creator's Words
"Technology cannot be an end in itself but must aim at solving long term social and ecological problems."
Richard Rogers. from Bill Lacy. 100 Contemporary Architects: Drawings and Sketches. p190.
"It is my belief that exciting things happen when a variety of overlapping activities designed for all peoplethe old and the young, the blue and white collar, the local inhabitant and the visitor, different activities for different occasionsmeet in a flexible environment, opening up the possibility of interaction outside the confines of institutional limits. When this takes place, deprived areas welcome dynamic places for those who live, work and visit; places where all can participate, rather than less or more beautiful ghettos."
Richard Rogers, 1969. from Barbie Campbell Cole and Ruth Elias Rogers, ed. Richard Rogers + Partners. p11.
"Following the competition in 1971, the building was designed and built in six years, the main steel structure being erected in six months. The building was delivered on time and under budget in January 1977 at a cost of $100,000,000, with an average attendance of approximately seven million people a year."
Barbie Campbell Cole and Ruth Elias Rogers, ed. Richard Rogers + Partners. p104.
Place Georges Pompendeau, telephone: 01-44-78-12-33.
Sources on Centre Pompidou
"Systematic Centre Pompidou", by Leonard R. Bachman, ArchitectureWeek No. 173, 2003.1203, pB1.1.
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. linear circulation diagram, p197. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Barbie Campbell Cole and Ruth Elias Rogers, ed. Richard Rogers + Partners. London: Architectural Monographs, Academy Editions, 1985. NA 997 .R6 R5 1985 cop.4. ISBN 0-312-68207-7. LC 82-60002. p11, 90-91, 104.
Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. Photo June 1981. PCD.2260.1012.1537.031. PCD.2260.1012.1537.032
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Bill Lacy. 100 Contemporary Architects: Drawings and Sketches. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1991. NA 2700.L26 1991. ISBN 0-8109-3662-5. LC 91-10155. p190.
Frank Russell, ed. Architectural Monographs: Richard Rogers + Architects. New York: Academy Editions, 1985. Color photo of aerial view of urban context, f3, p107.
Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-8160-2438-3. NA680.S517. photo of cascading stair tube, p295. Available at Amazon.com
d'Ivan Zaknic. Le Centre Pompidou. Paris: Flammarion, 1983. Color photo of interior, p62. Color photo of exterior from Renard Street, p18.
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