Church in Vouksenniska
 Great Buildings  Search  Advanced  Buildings  Architects  Types  Places  3D Models  Pix  Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Architect Alvar Aalto
Location Imatra, Finland
Date 1956 to 1958   timeline
Building Type church
Climate cold
Style Modern




Contributions appreciated

Discussion Church in Vouksenniska Commentary

“Aalto’s first major church design of his mature period was the commission in 1956 for Vuoksenniska in Imatra, eastern Finland. In this project, built between 1957 and 1959, he followed the new plastic expressionism which had been created in the design for the House of Culture, Helsinki (begun in 1955). The asymmetrical auditorium for the House of Culture becomes in the Imatra church a three-part shell form, also slightly asymmetrical, that allows the building to accommodate three different sizes of congregation. One third or two thirds of the church may be closed off by ‘sliding walls’, housed in the corresponding curved enclosures on the right hand side of the nave, that form the external walls. The ceiling is also shaped in the form of three distinct ‘shells’, developing a progressive undulation from altar to rear organ-loft that is reminiscent of the innovatory design for the Viipuri lecture room ceiling.”

— Malcolm Quantrill. Alvar Aalto: a Critical Study. p198.

DetailsThe church was designed in 1956 and built 1957 to 1959.

Partitions are used to separate the three main parts of the church: with the partitions in position, the church can seat a congregation of 290 and when they are removed, 800 people can be accommodated.

Sources on Church in Vouksenniska

Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. section drawing, p41.

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. drawings and diagrams, p10-11. — Updated edition available at

Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-8160-2438-3. NA680.S517. exterior photo of entrance, interior photo with altar, p224.

Karl Fleig. Alvar Aalto. Scarsdale: Wittenborn, 1963, Vol.I. NA1455.F53A22. p218.

Karl Fleig. Alvar Aalto. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1975. NA 1455.F53A239. ISBN 0-275-49660-0. p163.

Malcolm Quantrill. Alvar Aalto: A Critical Study. New York: Schocken Books, 1983. ISBN 0-8052-3845-X. NA1455.F53A237. p198-200.  Find books about Church in Vouksenniska


Web Resources
Links on Church in Vouksenniska

Church in Vouksenniska at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

We appreciate your  suggestions  for links about Church in Vouksenniska.

 Great Buildings  Search   Model Viewing Tips   DW   Discussion   Blogs   Books   Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Subscribe free to weekly design and building newsletters by ArchitectureWeek

Quick Search by name of Building, Architect, or Place:   
Examples:  "Fallingwater",  "Wright",  "Paris"       Advanced Search
Send this to a friend | Contribute | Subscribe | Link | Credits | Media Kit | Photo Licensing | Suggestions

Special thanks to our sustaining subscribers including, and Saniflo Upflush.

© 1994-2013 Artifice, Inc. All Rights Reserved.