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|Architect||Hendrik Petrus Berlage||
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|Location||Amsterdam, The Netherlands map|
|Date||1897 to 1909 timeline|
|Building Type||commercial trading room, stock exchange|
|Construction System||brick bearing masonry with iron trusses for glazed roof|
|Style||Early Modern or Pre-Modern|
|Notes||Flat brick arches, iron trusses spanning hall.|
|Discussion||Commodities Exchange Commentary
"...The Exchange building had three great halls housing the Commodity, Grain and Stock Markets, each of them surrounded by smaller offices and service areas. Above the main entrance is the conference room of the Chamber of Commerce. The most striking of the halls is the Commodities Market, 67 feet wide, with a gable roof of glass and iron supported by conspicuous, brightly colored parabolic iron beams. The long walls are turned into openwork screens by the broad arcades of the ground floor and the two galleries above. The stone capitals are remarkable: their faces lie flush with the brick walls above them, both units merging in their common structural function.
"We can only observe,...that the Stock Exchange and the reactions it provoked represented a decisive turning point in Dutch architecture."
from P. Singelenberg, G Schwartz, translator. H.P. Berlage: Art and Architecture in the Netherlands. p10-12.
The Creator's Words
"The fact is that we live in an age of chaotic confusion, and this applies to art as well. We have no traditional style. One speaks of the modern. What is modern? Usually something pretty boring, and surely without a distinct character. You have modern Gothic, modern Renaissance, and even modern Norse, Indian, Japanese, and Chinese. You have works of art in all these styles. If it weren't so sad one could laugh at it. And why is all this somehow cheering? Because this is a situation that lends us to expect the emergence of something great."
Hendrik Petrus Berlage. from P. Singelenberg, G Schwartz, translator. H.P. Berlage: Art and Architecture in the Netherlands. p8.
Commission originally won by competition in 1884 while working for engineer Theodor Sanders, but only designed as built after another competition and subsequent assignment.
Sources on Commodities Exchange
Fritz Baumgart. A History of Architectural Styles. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970. NA204.B3513. LC 70-110283. perspective drawing, f181, p279.
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. London: Mitchell Beazley Publishers, 1975. interior photo of atrium space, p230. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com
P. Singelenberg, G Schwartz, translator. H.P. Berlage: Art and Architecture in the Netherlands. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff Amsterdam, 1969. NA1153.B4S5. discussion p8, 10-12.
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