Eiffel Tower
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Architect Gustave Eiffel
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Location Paris, France   map
Date 1887 to 1889   timeline
Building Type exposition observation tower
 Construction System exposed iron
Climate temperate
Context urban exposition
Style Victorian Structural Expressionist
Notes A symbol of Paris worldwide. 985' high rugged tracery of iron work. Commission from competition victory.
Images

 


Photo, overview from a distance, on axis

Photo, through the trees from nearby

Photo, from a distance, looking northwest along the Seine
Drawings

 


Elevation Drawing

Detail Drawing

Engraving

More drawings available on The GBC CD-ROM.   Contributions appreciated

3D Model
3D Massing Model (DesignWorkshop 3dmf)

Model Viewing Instructions
 Free 3D for the GBC
Discussion Eiffel Tower Commentary

"...the tower was the greatest affront not only to the architecture of Paris, but also to the eye of the Parisian, for whom its structural logic and revolutionary aesthetic language were incomprehensible.

"Essentially, the structure of the Eiffel Tower—which was a far-ranging extrapolation of Eiffel's spidery, wrought-iron bridge pylons—could not have been more simple: four immense, tapering, curved, lattice-girder piers that meet asymptotically. These piers rise from an immensely broad square base—125 meters on a side—and are laced together at two levels by connecting girders to form an integral unity of great stability..."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p485.

Details

Built for the 1889 International Exhibition, Paris, the centenary celebration of the French Revolution. On the Av. Gustave Eiffel, by the river Seine.

300 m (985 ft) tall.

Address

Avenue Gustave Eiffel. Telephone 01-44-11-23-23.

Resources
Sources on Eiffel Tower

Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4. NA200.F63. mentioned, p1188. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.

G. E. Kidder Smith. Looking at Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. ISBN 0-8109-3556-2. LC 90-30728. NA200.S57 1990. close in exterior photo of detail steel and stairs, p147. — Available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, August 1992. PCD.3189.1011.1916.039.

Jack Perkins. Modern Marvels : The Eiffel Tower. Modern Marvels, 1994. VHS-NTSC format video tape. ISBN 6303420699. — Video - Available at Amazon.com

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. p485. — Available at Amazon.com

Alene Stickles, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, June 1993. PCD.2365.1012.0634.049. PCD.2365.1012.0634.048, Detail of base. PCD.2365.1012.0634.047.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

Amazon.com  Find books about Eiffel Tower

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Web Resources
Links on Eiffel Tower

Eiffel Tower PageLots of links, pictures, & info.

La Tour EiffelOfficial Eiffel Tower pages (in both French and English).

Eiffel Tower at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration



Paris Hotels - Find hotels near the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

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