Gropius House
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Architect Walter Gropius
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Location Lincoln, Massachusetts   map
Date 1937   timeline
Building Type architect's house
 Construction System wood frame, vertical wood siding
Climate temperate
Context semi-rural
Style Modern
Notes With Marcel Breuer. exterior prefabricated spiral staircase, glass block, painted brick. free standing wall defines terrace. Near the Breuer House II.
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Discussion Gropius House Commentary

"The house Gropius built for himself at Lincoln, Mass, stands on one of the most charming sites of New England, on the crest of a hill in the midst of an orchard of 90 apple trees, only half an hour's ride by car from Harvard. Mrs. Storrow, owner of all the land round about, left Walter Gropius quite free to select the site for the house that she was to finance. It is fitted unobtrusively into the landscape while, at the same time, overlooking its surroundings.

The structure of the house consists of the traditional light wood frame of New England, sheathed with white painted clapboard siding: only in this case the siding runs vertically instead of horizontally. Rough fieldstone walls, like those employed in the seaside house built around this time at Cohasset, are here not yet incorporated into the structure of the house itself.

—S. Giedion. Walter Gropius: Work and Teamwork. p71.

The Creator's Words

"Very gradually the process of building is splitting up into shop production of building parts on the one hand, and site assembly of such parts on the other. More and more the tendency develops to prefabricate component parts of buildings rather than whole houses. Here is where the emphasis belongs...

The future architect and builder will have at their disposal something like a box of bricks to play with, and infinite variety of interchangable, machine-made parts for building which will be bought in the competitive market and assembled into individual buildings of a different appearance and size."

—Walter Gropius. from S. Giedion. Walter Gropius: Work and Teamwork. p77.

Resources
Sources on Gropius House

"The History of Interior Design", by John Pile, ArchitectureWeek No. 65, 2001.0905, pC1.1.

Edward R. Ford. The Details of Modern Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1990. ISBN 0-262-06121-X. LC 89-31772. NA2840.F67 1989. exterior photos, construction section/anonmetric details, p310-313. drawing of wall section at rear facade detail, p310.   Highly recommended for serious observers, and available at Amazon.com

Sigfried Giedion. Walter Gropius: Work and Teamwork. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1954. NA1088.G85G52. p71, 77.

Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-8160-2438-3. NA680.S517. photo of upper terrace, p147. — Available at Amazon.com

Marcus Whiffen and Frederick Koeper. American Architecture, Volume 1. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1984. exterior close-in photo, f274, p341.   An excellent survey of American architecture. Reprint Edition available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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History of the Gropius Houseby Eric Kramer at the GSD

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