Hadrian's Villa
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Architect unknown
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Location Tivoli, Italy   map
Date about 120   timeline
Building Type large house, estate
 Construction System bearing masonry
Climate mediterranean
Context rural
Style Ancient Roman, Classical, Ionic and Corinthian
Notes Reflecting pool, colonades, vaults and domes.


Photo, reflecting pool and columns

Photo, Apse of the Serapis (Nyphaeum)

Photo, Tile pattern on floor of Hospitalia


Available on The GBC CD-ROM.  Contributions appreciated.

Discussion Hadrian's Villa Commentary

"Hadrian's villa at Tivoli...was a delightful blend of a sculpture, architecture and waterworks, which produced that special kind of illusion later associated with 18th-century English taste."

— John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. p74.

"Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, is a later counterpart of the Domus Aurea, though built as a retreat in the country rather than being in the city. Walking around it today, it is still possible to experience something of the variety of architectural forms and settings, and the skillful way in which Hadrian and his architect have contrived the meetings of the axes, the surprises that await the turning of a corner, and the vistas that open to view. It was possible here to experiment with new forms and new types of spatial composition, and some of the results are seen in the Island Villa, the vestibules at the ends of the Piazza d'Oro, the Small Baths, and the Canopus. The most characteristic feature is a constant play upon curves and counter-curves in place of the rectilinear shapes used in most earlier planning."

— Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p251.

Sources on Hadrian's Villa

Donald Corner and Jenny Young. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1834.072

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p251. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. New York: Random House, 1975. ISBN 0-394-49887-9. NA200.G76. discussion, p74. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. — An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com

Duane Siegrist, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, July 1993. PCD.3236.1011.0837.011.

Alene Stickles, University of Oregon. Slides from photographer's collection, July 1993. Tile pattern on floor of Hospitalia, PCD.2365.1012.0634.064. Cryptoportico at the Fishpool Quadriportico, PCD.2365.1012.0634.065. Caryatids along the west side of the Canopus, PCD.2365.1012.0634.066. Apse of the Serapis (Nyphaeum), PCD.2365.1012.0634.067. North end of the Canopus, PCD.2365.1012.0634.068. North end of the Canopus, PCD.2365.1012.0634.078.

Henri Stierlin. Hadrien et l'Architecture Romaine. Paris: Office du Livre S.A., Fribourg (Suisse), 1984. ISBN2.228-00030-2. NA310.S75 1984b. site plan drawing, p118-119. plan drawing of the Piazza d'Oro, p160. plan drawing of the Canope, p170. plan drawing of the Hippodrome, p182. plan drawing of the thermae, p191.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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