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|Date||-604 to -562 timeline|
|Construction System||mud brick masonry with glazed skin|
|Notes||Glazed brick relief mosaic decorations|
|Discussion||Ishtar Gate Commentary
During the Neo-Babylonian Revival, the city of Babylon was surrounded by a new system of thick defensive walls pierced at eight points by city gates "dedicated to the principal Babylonian deities; the most famous entrance, the tall Ishtar Gate, was on the heavily trafficked northern side of the city."
Deborah Fritz from Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p71.
"The Ishtar Gate is the most impressive remnant of the city; it has been reconstructed out of its original materials and preserved in the State Museum, Berlin. In contrast to the ferocity of Assyrian art, here numerous tiers of elegant bulls and Babylonian dragons composed in the low relief of glazed polychrome bricks float against a light blue background. Even the abstract detailsfriezes, moldings, battlements, the archachieve admirable refinement."
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p71.
Sources on Ishtar Gate
Hugh Plommer. Simpson's History of Architectural Development Vol. 1: Ancient and Classical Architecture. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1956. NA200.S52 1954. site plan drawing, f31(i), p71.
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Dennis Sharp, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Whitney Library of Design, an imprint of Watson-Guptil Publications, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. close-in photo, p172.
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion p71.
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