Le Petit Trianon
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Architect Ange-Jacques Gabriel
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Location Versailles, France   map
Date 1762 to 1768   timeline
Building Type house
 Construction System masonry, cut stone
Climate temperate
Context royal estate
Style Neoclassical
Notes Squarish plan, elegant proportions and double height Corinthian columns. See also the adjacent grand palace, the Chateau de Versailles.


Petit Trianon, from southwest, Gabriel, 1768

Petit Trianon, from southeast

Grand Trianon, from northeast, near Le Petit Trianon
Discussion Le Petit Trianon Commentary

"His (Gabriel's) best-known structure, the Petit Trianon—designed for Mme de Pompadour in 1761 and considered among the most perfect buildings in France—is one of several modest works he erected for the court. At the Petit Trianon, the handling of the order, the window frames, balustrades, and other features derive closely from the French Classical tradition. Gabriel's debt to the past is equally apparent in the building's noble aura of imperturbable dignity, its harmonious proportions, and the precision and elegance of its detailing. But the deceptively modest structure exemplifies Neoclassical taste, for it is severe in its cubic geometry, restrained in articulation, and barren of the accents of relief sculpture typical of seventeenth-century French design."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p409-10.

In 1774, given by Louis XVI to Marie-Antoinette, who spent more time there than at the palace.

Sources on Le Petit Trianon

Victoria Kloss Ball. Architecture and Interior Design: Europe and America from the Colonial Era to Today. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1980. exterior photo from lake, fig 2.4, p44.

Wend Graf Kalein and Michael Levey. Art and Architecture of the Eighteenth Century in France. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1972. interior photo of salon de compagnie, plate 281.

G. E. Kidder Smith. Looking at Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. ISBN 0-8109-3556-2. LC 90-30728. NA200.S57 1990. exterior photo, p111.

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. p409-410.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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