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|Location||Ephesus, Turkey map|
|Date||117 to 120 timeline|
|Construction System||bearing masonry, stone|
|Style||Ancient Roman, Classical, Ionic base, Corinthian above|
|Notes||"Library of Celsus". Roman colonial library, classical original.|
|Discussion||Library at Ephesus Commentary
"It is a rectangular building, wider than deep and measuring approximately 17 m x 11 m (55 ft x 36 ft). Internally, there were shallow square-backed recesses for the books or scrolls at three levels and narrow galleries carried on closely spaced columns for access to them. A further feature was that the walls containing these recesses were not the outer walls. There were other walls separated by a narrow ambulatory to accommodate the stairs to the galleries and to give added protectionalmost an early example of cavity construction. The façade was embellished with two storeys of columned aedicules, pairs of columns carrying alternately curved and triangular pediments in the top storey."
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p239.
Sources on Library at Ephesus
Michael Brawne. Libraries: Architecture and Equipment. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970. LC 73-089609. Z679.B83. plan drawing and discussion, p10.
Trent C. Butler, ed. Holman Bible Dictionary. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 1991. exterior perspective of main facade, p428.
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p239. The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
D. S. Robertson. Greek and Roman Architecture. New York: Sydics of the Cambridge University Press, 1969. ISBN 521-06104-0. NA260.R6 1969. perspective drawing of restored facade, f120, p290. W. Wilberg, Jahreshefte d. Osterr. arch. Inst. XI, 1908, p123, f25. restored plan drawing, f119, p288. W. Wilberg, Jahreshefte d. Osterr. arch. Inst. XI, 1908, p120, f22.
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