Lion Gate
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Architect unknown
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Location Mycenae, Greece   map
Date -1250   timeline
Building Type portico
 Construction System bearing masonry, stone
Climate mild
Style Ancient Greek
Notes flat "arch" with triangular relief above massive lintel.


Photo looking through archway from before and above it

Photo, exterior.


Elevation Drawing

Site Plan Drawing


Perspective Drawing

Discussion Lion Gate Commentary

The famous Lion Gate at the citadel of Mycenae is an example of a tomb portal with forward-looking architectural decoration.

— Deborah Fritz from Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p80-81.

"...a massive trabeated portal was built into the wall, with cyclopean jambs and lintel, surmounted by a triangular relief of two heraldic lions standing at a (Minoan) column, the sacred symbol of the earth that they supposedly protected. For all its simplicity, the Lion Gate is of immense historical portent. The powerful sense of structure was an inheritance—ultimately Neolithic—that the Greeks would foster with exceptional refinement. Here, it was combined with the feeling for monumental stone carving in the Lion relief, an element inherited from Egypt but now infused with a new sensitivity to the organic logic and beauty of its subject."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p80-81.

Sources on Lion Gate

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. elevation drawing, fig h, p100. site plan drawing, fig a, p99. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion, photo, p80-81. — Available at

Doreen Yarwood. The Architecture of Europe. New York: Hastings House, 1974. ISBN 0-8038-0364-8. LC 73-11105. NA950.Y37. perspective drawing, f5, p7.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at  Find books about Lion Gate


Web Resources
Links on Lion Gate

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