Los Manantiales
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Architect Felix Candela
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Location Xochimilco, Mexico
Date 1958   timeline
Building Type commercial, restaurant
 Construction System thin shell concrete
Climate mediterranean
Context waterside
Style Modern
Notes Thin shell undulates in radial plan for omnidirectional outlooks.




Elevation Drawing

Plan Drawing

Section Drawing

Axonometric Drawing

Discussion Los Manantiales Commentary

The Creator's Words

"It may be said there are two basic criteria for a proper shell:

"The shell must be stable and of a shape which permits an easy way to work. It should be as symmetrical as possible because this simplifies its behaviour. Either interior groins (as in the restaurant in Xochimilco) or exterior edges should be able to send loads to points of support, or else there should be a continuous support along certain edges....

"A comparatively rapid, simple method must be found to calculate the membrane stresses. At the moment this seems possible only with the hypar shell, if by 'simple' one infers a procedure which mathematics, or specifically, in every case having to solve a system of differential equations to comply with previously selected boundary conditions."

— Felix Candela. from Colin Faber. Candela/The Shell Builder. p199.

Sources on Los Manantiales

Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section drawings, p160.

Colin Faber. Candela: The Shell Builder. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1963. LC 62-14294. NA759.C3F23 1963. discussion, p199.

Dennis Sharp. Twentieth Century Architecture: a Visual History. New York: Facts on File, 1990. ISBN 0-8160-2438-3. NA680.S517. exterior photo, fG, p9. — Available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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