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|Architect||Apollodorus of Damascus||
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|Location||Rome, Italy map|
|Date||100 to 112 timeline|
|Construction System||bearing masonry|
|Notes||Composed of an arc of arched arcade|
|Discussion||Markets of Trajan Commentary
Built by the Emperor Trajan, the markets were a commercial center of about 150 shops and offices, set into the side of the Quirinal Hill and completing Trajan's Forum, which it overlooked. Both monumental and functional, it is typical of ancient Roman architecture. The semicircular brick building is set into the hill above which are tiers of terraces ascending the slope. At the upper end of the hill, a two-story market hall with a series of groin vaults was lined with shops on either side of a central promenade with a balcony level and clerestory openings above.
The brick facades are detailed with brickwork arches and pediments and travertine lintels, and the markets are a magnificent demonstration of concrete and brick construction, with vaults and arches throughout.
"The basic unit of the still-well-preserved Markets of Trajan was the standard Roman all-purpose taberna: a barrel-vaulted cubicle, with a large opening to the street and sometimes a mezzanine lit by a small window. The markets are the finest-known example of modular commercial construction in concrete. The flexibility of the taberna unit in size, shape, and proportion permitted Apollodorus to devise a supple scheme arrayed in five levels up to the slopes of the Quirinal Hill, above the monumental parts of the forum. . . . The Markets and Forum of Trajan are superb representatives of the two sides of Roman architecture -- the utilitarian and the monumental -- at their height in the early second century A.D."
Trachtenberg and Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism./ The Western Tradition, p. 145.
Sources on Markets of Trajan
Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. Photo July 1990. PCD.2260.1012.1537.008. PCD.2260.1012.1537.006. PCD.2260.1012.1537.007
William L. MacDonald. The Architecture of the Roman Empire I. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-300-02818-0. LC 81-16513. NA310.M2. analytical section perspective drawing of the aula, plate 93. plan drawing at gallery level, plate 89. isometric drawing, plate 75.
Duane Siegrist, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, July 1993. PCD.3236.1011.0837.025. PCD.3236.1011.0837.024.
Alene Stickles, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, August 1993. PCD.3189.1011.1916.053, exterior view of the Grand Hall. PCD.3189.1011.1916.052
Henri Stierlin. Comprendre l'Architecture Universelle 1. Paris: Office du Livre S.A. Fribourg (Suisse), 1977. section drawing, p84. plan drawing, p84.
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1986. photo, p146. commentary, p145. available at Amazon.com
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