Ospedale Degli Innocenti
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Architect Filippo Brunelleschi
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Location Florence, Italy   map
Date 1424 to 1445   timeline
Building Type children's hospital
 Construction System bearing masonry, stone
Climate mediterranean
Context urban
Style Renaissance
Notes arcaded portico, topical ornamentation.


Photo, exterior


Plan Drawing


Site Plan Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Detail Drawing

Detail Drawing

Section Drawing

  Contributions appreciated

Discussion Ospedale Degli Innocenti Commentary

"...Brunelleschi was designing buildings that have become synonymous with the genesis of Renaissance architecture. His Ospedale degli Innocenti, a foundling hospital begun c.1419 on property acquired by the Silk Merchants' Guild, is generally regarded to be the earliest monumental expression of the new style. Although it is related to Italian Romanesque and late Gothic architecture, its novel features minimized the buildings' affiliation with medieval styles. Tuscan trecento hospitals were often designed with arcaded porticoes, and Brunelleschi retained this feature for the Innocenti. But he eliminated the old-fashioned balustrade upon which the columns rested, changed the polygonal shafts to cylinders, and transformed stylized "pressed-leaf" capitals into rich Corinthianesque foliage."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p284.

Sources on Ospedale Degli Innocenti

Eugenio Battisti. Filippo Brunelleschi. Milan: Electa. NA1123.B8B36. plan and elevation detail drawing of the columm and pilaster arrangement, f45, p64. elevation detail drawing of the loggia proportioning, f42, p62. section drawing of the loggia, f39, p58.

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. drawings and diagrams, p26-27 — Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Donald Corner and Jenny Young. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1841.063

Heinrich Klotz. Filippo Brunellschi: The Early Works and the Medieval Tradition. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1990. NA 1123.B8 K5513. ISBN 0-8478-1211-1. overview photo, p107.

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. p284. — available at Amazon.com

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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