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|Architect||Jacques Germain Soufflot||
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|Location||Paris, France map|
|Date||1756 to 1797 timeline|
|Construction System||bearing masonry, cut stone|
|Notes||Domed. Markedly different proportions from the archetype Pantheon in Rome.|
|Discussion||Pantheon in Paris Commentary
“Soufflot’s principal aim in the church, he claimed, was to unite ‘the structural lightness of Gothic churches with the purity and magnificence of Greek architecture.’ The extreme structural economy of the building and its French rationalist bias for columnar structure is apparent in the plan. Built on a Greek-cross scheme of Renaissance roots, its five domes—schematically not unlike S. Marco in Venice or St. Front in Périgueux—are supported by ranks of widely spaced, slender columns and light, triangular crossing piers. The interior reveals the Classical ‘magnificence’ of form that Soufflot preferred in the shape of an elegant Corinthian order, fully detailed yet extremely crisp and pure, that supports slender arches. Much of the vaulting is cut away in late Baroque manner, although in their near-skeletal lightness, these upper parts were also inspired by the Gothic. The complex transitional position of Soufflot is clearly evidenced in the exterior of the Panthéon, which is so much more massive and austere than the interior that one would not naturally link them as two aspects of a single building. Even in its original state, when opened by triads of large, now-walled-up windows (which made the interior still more buoyant), the exterior approximated the nascent Neoclassical ideal of discrete, austere, geometric blocks.”
— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p409.
Adress: Place du Pantheon, 75001 Paris, France.Telephone, 188.8.131.52.
Originally a church, now a tomb for people including Mirabeau, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hugo, Zola.
Sources on Pantheon in Paris
Victoria Kloss Ball. Architecture and Interior Design: Europe and America from the Colonial Era to Today. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1980. exterior photo of front, fig 2.5, p47.
Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. section drawing, p149. plan drawing, p149.
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. concentricity diagram, p203. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion p409. interior of transcept, colorplate 56, p32.
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