Paris Metro Entrances
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Architect Hector Guimard
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Location Paris, France   map
Date 1899 to 1905   timeline
Building Type light rail rapid transit stations
 Construction System iron and glass
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Art Nouveau
Notes Graceful organic forms.
Images

 


Photo, overview

View toward entry

View from rear
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Drawings

 


Elevation Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Drawing

Plan Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Plan Drawing

Section Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Discussion Paris Metro Entrances Commentary

"Constructed like the Crystal Palace out of interchangeable, prefabricated cast iron and glass parts, Guimard created his métro system in opposition to the ruling taste of French classical culture...Guimard's system flourished, emerging overnight like the manifestation of some organic force, its sinuous green cast-iron tentacles erupting from the subterranean labyrinth to support a variety of barriers, pergolas, maps, hooded light fittings and glazed canopies. These surrealistic 'dragonfly's wings'—to quote a contemporary critic—received a mixed, not to say chauvinistic, press, the verdigris colour of their iron supports being regarded as German rather than French. This imaginative attempt to render the Orphic myth in modern terms was to be complemented later by the astringent technical forms of the elevated section of the métro, built to the designs of the architect Jean Camille-Formigé and the engineer Louis Biette."

— Kenneth Frampton and Yukio Futagawa. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. p106.

Resources
Sources on Paris Metro Entrances

William J.R. Curtis. Modern Architecture since 1890. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1987. exterior photo of front of entrance, f2.6, p26.

Kenneth Frampton. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1983. ISBN 0-8478-0506-9. LC 83-61363. NA642.F7 1983. mentioned, p106. — Available at Amazon.com

Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.

Kevin Matthews, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, August 1992. PCD.3189.1011.1916.003

Maurice Rheims. Hector Guimard. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1988. ISBN 0-8109-0973-1. LC 86-32232. NA1053.G8F4713 1987. section drawing, p96. front elevation drawing, p97. front elevation drawing, p89. lateral elevation drawing, p89. plan drawing showing half roof and half floor, p89.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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Web Resources
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