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|Architect||Frank Lloyd Wright||
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|Location||Bartlesville, Oklahoma map|
|Date||1952 to 1956 timeline|
|Building Type||vertical multifamily housing|
|Construction System||reinforced concrete with cantilevered floors|
|Notes||S.355. Originally proposed as St. Mark's Tower, 1925.|
|Discussion||Price Tower Commentary
"Wright had two major difficulties of a philosophical sort in designing a skyscraper: first, as a believer in an architecture close to nature, he had a hard time justifying a tal, upright, seemingly anti-nature building; and, second, his obsession with the twin concepts of continuity and plasticitya preoccupation that had led him to the sea-shell and the cocoon as ideal structural prototypesmade it difficult to approach the design of a tall, multicellular building...He solved this dilemma in a characteristic fashion, by going to the one source in nature which did suggest a way of building a tall structure: the form of a tree.
In structural terms a tree is a vertical beam cantilevered out of the ground...
To Wright, the cantilever was also the 'most romantic, most free, of all principle of construction.'...
By 1929,...Wright had really designed his concrete-and-glass tree just the way he wanted it: the vertical service core was the trunk, and all utilities were contained within this vertical shaft. All floors were cantilevered out from it, and the exterior skin was simply sheathed in glass and metal. This projectthe famous apartment tower for the vestry of St Mark's-in -the Bouweie in New Yorkwas never built, but Wright returned to the basic concept again and again; finally, in 1954, in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, Wright was able to build his St Mark's towertwenty-five years after it was first designed."
Peter Blake. Frank Lloyd Wright: Architecture and Space. p86-88.
The Creator's Words
"No man's work need resemble mine. If he understands the working of the principles behind the effects he sees here, with similar integrity he will have his own way of building."
"What a man doesthat he has. You may find other things on him but they are not his."
Frank Lloyd Wright. from Frank Lloyd Wright, Edgar Kaufmann, Ed. An American Architecture. p17.
American Institute of Architects 25 Year Award, 1983.
Sources on Price Tower
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. symmetry diagram, p177. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Henry-Russell Hitchcock. In the Nature of Materials. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1942. NA737.W7 H5. plan drawing, f307. section drawing, f307.
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani. Architecture of the 20th Century in Drawings: Utopia and Reality. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1982. ISBN 0-8478-0464-X. LC 82-42534. NA2700.M3513. perspective drawing, f5, p23. original drawing: Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, Scottsdale, Arizona. Photo: The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Bruce Pfeiffer. Frank Lloyd Wright Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. exterior perspective drawing, p112.
William Allin Storrer. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-77624-7. LC 93-30127. NA737.W7A4 1993. plan drawing. Available at Amazon.com
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