Building
Rusakov Club
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Architect Konstantin Melnikov
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Location Moscow, Russia
Date 1927 to 1929   timeline
Building Type auditorium
 Construction System concrete
Climate harsh temperate
Context urban
Style Russian Constructivist Modern
Notes "Transit Worker's Club".
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Discussion Rusakov Club Commentary

"Inclined as Melnikov was to identify personally with the new urbanites for whom the workers' clubs were built, he naturally considered his own values relevant to the situation and sought to apply them in the clubs. Hence, as in his own house, he set the clubhouses against the hostile city rather than in it, employing sharply distinctive forms to make them appear 'as individualist against the general backdrop of urban building.' Inside, far from providing space for mobilizing people into a faceless mass, he envisioned settings that would enhance 'close intercourse among people, but in the context of their diverse strivings with respect to one another.'"

— S. Frederick Starr. Melnikov: Solo Architect in a Mass Society. p134-139.

The Creator's Words

"The aesthetic of theater is not beauty, but the force of maximal possibilities; that which people can only dream of in their everyday lives can be incarnated in the theater. To enable people to witness events that are changing with incredible speed and yet to remain alive and unharmed will be the goal of contemporary theatrical spectacles.

"The theater is necessary so as to express with special force the moral substance (ideinost) of the moment, so the viewer, regardless of his individual desire, would be penetrated by one concentrated thought, along with everyone sitting with him. The theater must be convncing for everyone in it; if its persuasiveness is debatable and subject to differing interpretations, it would not be a theater."

— Konstantin S. Melnikov. from S. Frederick Starr. Melnikov: Solo Architect in a Mass Society. p153.

Resources
Sources on Rusakov Club

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. plan and section diagram, p155. — Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Kenneth Frampton and Futagawa Yukio. Modern Architecture in Color. New York: The Viking Press, 1971. color photo of exterior, p273, plate 55.

Udo Kultermann. Architecture in the 20th Century. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993. ISBN 0-442-00942-9. LC 92-26734. NA680.K7913 1993. exterior photo, f68, p69.

S. Frederick Starr. Melnikov: Solo Architect in a Mass Society. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1978. photo of rear view, f135, p137.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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