S. Andrea
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Architect Leon Battista Alberti
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Location Mantua, Italy   map
Date 1470 to 1476   timeline
Building Type church
 Construction System brick bearing masonry and stucco
Climate mediterranean
Context urban
Style Early Renaissance
Notes tremendous interior vault on thick side arches
Images

 


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Drawings

 


Axonometric Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Section Drawing

Plan Drawing

Drawing

Drawing

Site Plan Drawing

Discussion S. Andrea Commentary

"...[The] avowed architectural aim, to schematize in the spatial form of the church the immanent, harmonious order of the world, found majestic realization in Alberti's own church of Sant' Andrea in Mantua. This was his final architectural work... and it carries out these theoretical ideas with perfect artistic clarity."

— Joan Gadol. Leon Battista Alberti, Universal Man of the Early Renaissance. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1969. p135.

"On the faŤade, [Ablerti] combined two of his favorite ancient images—the pedimented temple front (pilasters, entablature, trabeation, and triangular pediment) and the triadic triumphal arch (arched central section and lower portals on either side). The height of the faŤade equals its width, but the barrel vault of the nave reached well above the apex of the pediment, which was also surmounted by a large canopy over the nave window. Alberti therefore disassociated the faŤade from the body of the church by turning it into an independent narthex one bay deep (which Michelangelo would do in 1516 in his model for the faŤade of S. Lorenzo) with its own system of coffered barrel vaults and a design combining the image of a triumphal arch with that of a Classical temple front."

— Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p295-6.

Resources
Sources on S. Andrea

Robert Adam. Classical Architecture. London: Penguin Books, 1990. ISBN 0-670-82613-8. NA260.A26 1990. plan oblique drawing, fig b, p23. section oblique drawing, fig b, p23. elevation drawing, fig b, p23.

Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section drawings, p112. — Available at Amazon.com

Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD 2260.1012.0405. PCD 2260.1012.0405. PCD 2260.1012.0405. PCD 2260.1012.0405. PCD.2260.1012.1834.097

Eugene J. Johnson. S. Andrea in Mantua. University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1975. ISBN 0-271-01186-6. LC 74-30085. NA5621.M34J63. site plan drawing, plate 66. plan drawing, plate 15. longitudinal section drawing, plate 45. west elevation drawing, plate 79.

Peter Murray. Architecture of the Renaissance. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1971. ISBN 8109-1000-4. LC 70-149850. NA510.M87. axonometric drawing, f81, p64.

Dennis Sharp, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Whitney Library of Design, an imprint of Watson-Guptil Publications, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. interior photo, p213.

Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion p295-6.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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