Taihe Dian
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Architect unknown
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Location Beijing, The Forbidden City, China   map
Date 1406 to 1430   timeline
Building Type temple
 Construction System wood timber with tile roofs
Climate warm temperate
Context urban palace complex
Style Traditional Chinese
Notes "Pavilion of Supreme Harmony" or "Hall of Supreme Harmony"
Images

 


Photo, exterior, of the Taihe Dian, or Hall of Supreme Harmony

Photo of a similar building nearby in the Forbidden City, the Qian Qing Gong, or Palace of Heavenly Purity

Photo

More Images
Aerial view of Taihe Dian

Photo

More images available on The GBC CD-ROM.   Contributions appreciated

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Drawings

 


Plan Drawing

Plan Drawing

Section Drawing

Site Plan Drawing

Engraving

Discussion Taihe Dian Commentary

"The Hall of the Taihe Dian, the main hall of the Forbidden City, is 27 m (90 ft) high, 64 m (210 ft) wide and 37 m (120 ft) deep. It has a roof with double eaves and is decorated with carved dragons and phoenixes, most of which are gilded. The building is raised on a three-tiered terrace, 8 m (26 ft) high, enclosed by marble balustrades, whilst those around the same courtyard were kept lower so as to set off the magnificence of the hall.

"The red walls, pillars and yellow glazed roof-tiles, and the dougong and beams decorated with dark-green designs of dragons, phoenixes and geometric figures, are conspicuous against the grey background of Beijing. Begun in 1406, the fourth year of the reign of Yongle (Ming dynasty), the City was completed fourteen years later; partial reconstruction took place during the period of the Qing dynasty. Twenty-four emperors lived in and ruled China from the Forbidden City over nearly 500 years."

— Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p699.

Resources
Sources on Taihe Dian

Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. aerial perspective, section, p121. — A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p699. — The classic text of architectural history. Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Lawrence G. Liu. Chinese Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1989. plan drawing, p252. section drawing, p252.

Henri Stierlin. Comprendre L'Architecture Universelle. Paris: Office du Livre S.A. Fribourg (suisse), 1977. plan drawing of site, p315. plan drawing of forbidden city, p314.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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Web Resources
Links on Taihe Dian

Taihe Dian at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

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