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|Location||Tarxien, Malta map|
|Date||-2100 to -1900 timeline|
|Construction System||megalith stone masonry|
|Notes||Corbeled ceiling structures.|
|Discussion||Temple at Tarxien, Malta Commentary
"The temple was "formally planned, had concave monumental faŤades, trilithion entrance passages, and pairs of lateral and terminal chambers built of tooled orthostatic and megalithic blocks. The inner chambers could be closed off by doors. Successive courses were corbelled, allowing the roof-openings to be narrowed, before being closed with beams and thatch, the earliest known use of this method of construction; it has been suggested that contemporary terra cotta models and engravings of faŤades were prepared in advance of building to show what was required. Some of the stones were decorated with spiral relief carvings, and the temples were probably plastered internally and then painted"
Deborah Fritz from Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p201.
Sources on Temple at Tarxien, Malta
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. linear organization diagram, p196. transition diagram, p207. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p201.
Henry A. Millon, ed. Key Monuments of the History of Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1964. exterior photo of entrance, p19.
Henri Stierlin. Comprendre l'Architecture Universelle 1. Paris: Office du Livre S.A. Fribourg (Suisse), 1977. longitudinal section drawing of the middle megalithic temple, p43. longitudinal section of the first megalithic temple, p43. facade elevation drawing of first megalithic temple, p43. reconstructed plan drawing, p42-43.
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