Building
Temple at Tarxien, Malta
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Architect unknown
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Location Tarxien, Malta   map
Date -2100 to -1900   timeline
Building Type temple
 Construction System megalith stone masonry
Climate mediterranean
Context rural
Style Neolithic
Notes Corbeled ceiling structures.
Images

 

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Drawings

 


Elevation Drawing

Plan Drawing

Section Drawing

Section Drawing

Discussion Temple at Tarxien, Malta Commentary

"The temple was "formally planned, had concave monumental faŤades, trilithion entrance passages, and pairs of lateral and terminal chambers built of tooled orthostatic and megalithic blocks. The inner chambers could be closed off by doors. Successive courses were corbelled, allowing the roof-openings to be narrowed, before being closed with beams and thatch, the earliest known use of this method of construction; it has been suggested that contemporary terra cotta models and engravings of faŤades were prepared in advance of building to show what was required. Some of the stones were decorated with spiral relief carvings, and the temples were probably plastered internally and then painted"

— Deborah Fritz from Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p201.

Resources
Sources on Temple at Tarxien, Malta

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. linear organization diagram, p196. transition diagram, p207. — Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p201.

Henry A. Millon, ed. Key Monuments of the History of Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1964. exterior photo of entrance, p19.

Henri Stierlin. Comprendre l'Architecture Universelle 1. Paris: Office du Livre S.A. Fribourg (Suisse), 1977. longitudinal section drawing of the middle megalithic temple, p43. longitudinal section of the first megalithic temple, p43. facade elevation drawing of first megalithic temple, p43. reconstructed plan drawing, p42-43.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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