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|Location||Rome, Italy map|
|Date||123 to 135 timeline|
|Construction System||bearing masonry|
|Style||Ancient Roman, Classical, Corinthian|
|Notes||by Apollodorus of Damascus, according to Fletcher. Part of the Roman Forum complex.|
|Discussion||Temple of Venus and Rome Commentary
"This unusual building was designed by the emperor himself, overriding the criticism of his former architect, Apollodorus of Damascus, who was not afraid to express his dissatisfaction with the project. In A.D. 283, a fire destroyed the roof, and the temple was rebuilt by Maxentius, who retained the original plan. It called for twin cellas back to back, each cella a 70-foot square with a coffered apse toward the center of the building, and a coffered, barrel-vaulted ceiling. In designing a double cella, it was evidently Hadrian's intention to allude to the Athenian Parthenon and its opisthodomus."
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p133.
Sources on Temple of Venus and Rome
William J. Anderson and R. Phene Spiers. The Architecture of Greece and Rome. London: B.T. Batsford, 1907. NA260.A5. transverse section drawing, f175, p213.
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. plan symmetry diagram, p177. double center diagram, p200. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
D' Espouy. One Hundred Selected Plates from Fragments d'Architecture Antique. New York: The Pencil Points Press, 1923. interior photo of fragment, p187.
Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4. NA200.F63. Discussion, p280. Drawings, p279. Site plan, p273.
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. longitudinal section drawing, fig h, p222.
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion p133.
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