Building
The Red House
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Architect Philip Webb
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Location Bexleyheath, in Kent, England
Date 1859   timeline
Building Type house
 Construction System masonry, brick
Climate temperate
Context rural
Style English Romantic House, Arts and Crafts, Eclectic Gothic
Notes Designed for William Morris. Informal plan, romantic massing, plain red brick.
Images

 

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Drawings

 


Plan Drawing

Plan Drawing

Discussion The Red House Commentary

"The Arts and Crafts, together with the English Free Style of architecture, has its origins in this joint work by Morris and Webb which took the format of William Butterfield's Gothic Revival vicarage and used its general character as the point of departure for the short-lived but influential Pre-Raphaelite domestic style...For Webb,...the Red House was merely the first of a series of houses in which he endeavoured to engender an authentic ahistorical style, through the direct expression of local materials and craftsmanship. Webb adopted the Gothic Revival syntax of Pugin and Butterfield, that is, clay tiling, corbelled brick work, rubbed brick arches and circular openings, as a way of articulating an open-ended form of vernacular expression."

— Kenneth Frampton and Yukio Futagawa. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. p22.

Details

Red House
Red House Lane
Upton
Bexleyheath

Resources
Sources on The Red House

William J.R. Curtis. Modern Architecture since 1890. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1987. Exterior photo of front of building, f4.1, p49.

Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4. NA200.F63. plans and photos, p1150.

Kenneth Frampton. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1983. ISBN 0-8478-0506-9. LC 83-61363. NA642.F7 1983. first floor plan, p23. second floor plan, p23. — Available at Amazon.com

John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. London: Mitchell Beazley Publishers, 1975. plan, axonometric drawing, p220. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. — An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com

Philip Webb. Red House, Architecture in Detail 03. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1991. ISBN 0-442-30821-3. NA645.5.A7H6 1991. exterior color photo of door, f21. interior photo of stairhall, f12. interior color photo of oriel window, f14. exterior color photo of entry faŤade, f1.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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Web Resources
Links on The Red House

The Red HouseSite of the Friends of The Red House.

The Red House at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

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