Thermae of Caracalla
 Great Buildings  Search  Advanced  Buildings  Architects  Types  Places  3D Models  Pix  Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Architect unknown
Subscribers - login to skip ads
Location Rome, Italy   map
Date 212 to 216   timeline
Building Type baths
 Construction System brick bearing masonry
Climate mediterranean
Context urban
Style Ancient Roman
Notes Cement mortar used for great arches and vaults.






Plan Drawing

Section Drawing


Perspective Drawing

3D Model
3D Massing Model (DesignWorkshop 3dmf)

Model Viewing Instructions
 Free 3D for the GBC
Discussion Thermae of Caracalla Commentary

"The infamous Caracalla (A.D. 188-217) was the emperor who extended Roman citizenship to all freemen in the empire—largely, it is held, to raise taxes for such projects as his wildly popular bath. In the many years of its greatness, the complex must have been staggering both in size and opulence: it originally accommodated some 1,600 bathers as well as other activities such as sports and theatricals. The underground vaulted facilities for servicing the calidarium (hot baths) and tepidarium (lukewarm baths) were incredibly complex. In semiruins today, the bath remains impressive, especially on summer evenings, when it is used for staging opera."

— from G.E. Kidder Smith. Looking at Architecture. p32.


The central mass of the building measured 390 feet wide by 740 feet long. The largest room, the vaulted tepidarium, measured 82 by 170 feet. The inside height of the tepidarium has been estimated at 125 feet.

Sources on Thermae of Caracalla

Fritz Baumgart. A History of Architectural Styles. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970. NA204.B3513. LC 70-110283. section/elevation drawing showing central portion in elevation, f38, p44. Roger-Viollet, Paris.

Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section of Calidarium, p35. — Available at

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. circle and rectangle diagram, p186. — Updated edition available at

Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1537.025. PCD.2260.1012.1537.024. PCD.2260.1012.1537.023

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. construction perspective drawing of the vault of the tepidarium, fig l, p183. construction perspective drawing of semi dome, fig k, p183. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at

G.E. Kidder Smith. Looking at Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. ISBN 0-8109-3556-2. LC 90-30728. NA200.S57 1990. discussion p32. photo of half-round exedra, p32.

D. S. Robertson. A Handbook of Greek and Roman Architecture. London: Cambridge University Press, 1929. NA260.R6. perspective reconstruction drawing of great hall, plate XVIII.

Richard Guy Wilson. McKim, Mead and White, Architects. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1983. NA737.M4W54. ISBN 0-8478-0491-7. LC 83-4534. floor plan, f277, p215.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at  Find books about Thermae of Caracalla


Web Resources
Links on Thermae of Caracalla

Thermae of Caracalla at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

We appreciate your  suggestions  for links about Thermae of Caracalla.

 Great Buildings  Search   Model Viewing Tips   DW   Discussion   Blogs   Books   Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Subscribe free to weekly design and building newsletters by ArchitectureWeek

Quick Search by name of Building, Architect, or Place:   
Examples:  "Fallingwater",  "Wright",  "Paris"       Advanced Search
Send this to a friend | Contribute | Subscribe | Link | Credits | Media Kit | Photo Licensing | Suggestions

Special thanks to our sustaining subscribers including, and Saniflo Upflush.

© 1994-2013 Artifice, Inc. All Rights Reserved.