Tugendhat House
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Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
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Location Brno, Czech Republic   map
Date 1930   timeline
Building Type house
 Construction System steel frame
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Modern
Notes thin + shape columns held in from exterior walls. glazed wall toward views. entry from 'back'. interior recalls Barcelona Pavilion.


Photo, exterior, side elevation overview

Photo, interior, onyx wall

Photo, interior, living room


Detail Drawing


Elevation Drawing

Elevation Drawing


Plan Drawing

Plan Drawing

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3D Massing Model (DesignWorkshop 3dmf)

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Discussion Tugendhat House Commentary

"The plan repeats that of the Barcelona Pavilion, the onyx wall and the curved one of Macassar ebony being independent of the cruciform- shaped columns. The floor is of white linoleum, the rug white wool. The curtains are of black and natural raw silk and white velvet. Behind the dining room a double glass partition serves as a light source for the interior space, as in the Barcelona design.

The hillside site suggested a two-story scheme with the entry and bedrooms above with the main floor below. Across the living and dining areas the entire wall is of glass. Two of these large panes slide down into pockets as in an automobile window. A terrace and flight of steps connect the house to the garden below. At one end the glass is doubled to provide a narrow conservatory running the depth of the plan. The juxtaposition of geometry with nature is most effective, the simplicity of forms enhancing the natural setting."

— A. James Speyer. Mies van der Rohe. p42.

The Creator's Words

"Of my European work, the Tugendhat House is considered outstanding, but I think only because it was the first house to use rich materials, to have great elegance. At that time modern buildings were still austerely functional. I personally don't consider the Tugendhat House more important than other works I designed considerably earlier."

— Mies van der Rohe. from Frank Russell, ed. Mies van der Rohe: European Works. p20.

"Architecture is the will of the epoch translated into space. Until this simple truth is clearly recognized, the new architecture will be uncertain and tentative. Until then it must remain a chaos of undirected forces. The question as to the nature of architecture is of decisive importance. It must be understood that all architecture is bound up with its own time, that it can only be manifested in living tasks and in the medium of its epoch. In no age has it been otherwise."

— Mies van der Rohe. from John Zukowsky, organizer. Mies Reconsidered: His Career, Legacy, and Disciples. p17.

Sources on Tugendhat House

Edward R. Ford. The Details of Modern Architecture. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1990. ISBN 0-262-06121-X. LC 89-31772. NA2840.F67 1989. terior and interior photos, construction section/anonmetric details, p272-277. drawing of wall section at living room detail, p272. Museum of Modern Art, drawings 2.108, 2.249, and 2.265.   Highly recommended for serious observers, and available at Amazon.com

Kenneth Frampton and Yukio Futagawa. Modern Architecture 1920-1945. New York: Rizzoli, 1983. exterior and interior photos, plans, p331-332. — Available at Amazon.com

Frank Russell, ed. Architectural Monographs 11: Mies van der Rohe, European Works. New York: St Martin's Press, 1986. NA1088.M65M54 1986. ISBN 0-312-053214-8. LC 86-042539. p20.

A. James Speyer. Mies van der Rohe. Chicago: Hillison & Etten, 1968. NA1088.M65S6. p42.

Wolf Tegethoff. Mies van der Rohe, the Villias and Country Houses. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1985. photo of interior, f11.25. photo of front, f11.20.

John Zukowsky, organizer. Mies Reconsidered: His Career, Legacy, and Disciples. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-8478-0771-1. LC 86-17303. NA2707.M55A4 1986. p17.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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