U.S. Custom House
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Architect Town and Davis
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Location New York, New York   map
Date 1833 to 1842   timeline
Building Type government office
 Construction System bearing masonry
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Greek Revival
Notes "Federal Hall National Monument".
Images

 


Photo, exterior, view from Wall Street

Photo, exterior
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Drawings

 


Section Drawing
Perspective Drawing

Discussion U.S. Custom House Commentary

"...George Washington did not take his oath of office in front of this building but, rather, its predecessor, the former city hall, called Federal Hall. It had been remodeled by Pierre L'Enfant from the old shell, to which local government had been removed in 1701 from the Dutch Stadt Huys on Pearl Street. The current name, Federal Hall National Memorial, commemorates the earlier structure.

This Doric-columned temple and Staten Island's Sailors' Snug Harbor are the institutional stars of New York's Greek Revival. The Wall Street fašade is a simplified Parthenon, without the sculptured frieze of pediment. Carved from marble quarried in Westchester County, it is raised on a high base to handle the change in grade from Pine to Wall (streets). Inside the rectangular volume is a very non-Greek rotunda, the principal, and startling, space—rather like finding a cubical space in a helical conch shell."

— Elliot Willensky and Norval White. AIA Guide to New York City. p18.

Details

Address: 28 Wall St.

Resources
Sources on U.S. Custom House

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. circle and square diagram, p185. — Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Lawrence A. Martin, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, September 1993. PCD.3235.1012.0545.018, view from Wall Street. PCD.3235.1012.0545.019.

Roger Hale Newton. Town and Davis: Architects. New York: Columbia University Press, 1942. NA737.T6N4. longitidunal section drawing, f28. perspective drawing, f27.

Elliot Willensky and Norval White. AIA Guide to New York City. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1988. ISBN 0-15-104040-0. NA735N5A78 1978. LC 87-17807. discussion, exterior perspective photo from street, p18, f12b.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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Web Resources
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