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|Location||Charlottesville, Virginia map|
|Building Type||university campus|
|Notes||arcades connect buildings around central lawn. curving brick walls surround campus. Pantheonic rotunda.|
|Discussion||University of Virginia Commentary
"In the project for the University of Virginia, the first state university in the country, Jefferson built the Pantheon, at two-thirds of the scale, at the head of a rising mall flanked by interlinked columnar pavilions. This Rotunda housed the library, while in the pavilions, representing individual disciplines, professors lived and held their classes. Each pavilion demonstrated the correct use of a different Roman order or some variant of it, the campus thus keeping before the students' eyes the full spectrum of Classical design. One pavilion was patterned after Ledoux. There was also in this concept of independent pavilions, formally arrayed in a Neoclassical composition, perhaps something of an analogue for the federal union as Jefferson saw itself-governing states working together for the common national good"
Spiro Kostof. A History of Architecture. p625.
Sources on University of Virginia
Robert Adam. Classical Architecture. London: Penguin Books, 1990. ISBN 0-670-82613-8. NA260.A26 1990. elevation drawing, fig b, p37.
Werner Blaser and Monica Stucky. Drawings of Great Buildings. Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1983. ISBN 3-7643-1522-9. LC 83-15831. NA2706.U6D72 1983. plan and section drawings of library building, p151. Available at Amazon.com
Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. site plan, p197. A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. geometry diagram, p183. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Donald Corner and Jenny Young. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1841.027. PCD.2260.1012.1841.032
I.T. Frary. Thomas Jefferson, Architect and Builder. Richmond, Virginia: Garret and Massie, 1931. Exterior photo of rotunda building, fXXXIII, p56.
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Spiro Kostof. A History of Architecture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. ISBN 0-19-503472-4. LC 84-25375. NA200.K65 1985. p625.
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