Building
Viipuri Library
 Great Buildings  Search  Advanced  Buildings  Architects  Types  Places  3D Models  Pix  Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Architect Alvar Aalto
Subscribers - login to skip ads
Location Vyborg, USSR
Date 1927 to 1935   timeline
Building Type library
 Construction System stone cladding and stucco
Climate cold
Context urban, park setting
Style Modern
Notes undulating ceiling in auditorium.
Images

 

Loading...
Loading...
Loading...
Loading...
Drawings

 


Plan Drawing

Plan Drawing

Drawing

Drawing

Discussion Viipuri Library Commentary

"The competition project with which Aalto won the competition for this library in 1927 was heavily indebted to [Erik Gunnar Asplund]'s Stockholm Library scheme...During the development of the design, the site was changed from being beside a main road to being within a park, a change which allowed Aalto to open up the building to light on all sides. The walls of the building contain a forced-air ventilation system, which confirms Aalto's concern for technical matters, already established at Paimio."

—David Dunster, ed. Architectural Monographs 4: Alvar Aalto. p33.

Details

Competition 1927. Successive redesigns. Eventually built, 1930 to 1935.

Viipuri was a small city of 90,000 when the library was built. Later this part of Finland was absorbed by the Soviet Union.

Aalto won first prize in the competition of 1927, and the library was built 1930 to 1935.

Thirty-inch thick exterior walls contain ventilation ducts and mechanical piping, and radiant heating is provided with hot-water pipes.

Six-foot diameter round, conical skylightsreflect incoming sunlight to produce a shadow-free, diffuse light. Artificial light was designed to provide the same diffuse, shadowless light.

Resources
Sources on Viipuri Library

David Dunster, ed. Alvar Aalto. London: St. Martin's Press, 1978. ISBN 0-312-02150-X. p33-36.

Karl Fleig. Alvar Aalto, Volume 1. Scarsdale: Wittenborn, 1963. NA1455.F53A22. p44-55.

Karl Fleig. Alvar Aalto. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1975. NA 1455.F53A239. ISBN 0-275-49660-0. p97-100.

Malcolm Quantrill. Alvar Aalto: A Critical Study. New York: Schocken Books, 1983. ISBN 0-8052-3845-X. NA1455.F53A237. p59-63.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

Amazon.com  Find books about Viipuri Library


 

Loading...
Web Resources
Links on Viipuri Library

Viipuri Library at ArchiplanetFind, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

We appreciate your  suggestions  for links about Viipuri Library.

Loading...
 Great Buildings  Search   Model Viewing Tips   DW   Discussion   Blogs   Books   Archiplanet   ArchitectureWeek  
Subscribe free to weekly design and building newsletters by ArchitectureWeek

Quick Search by name of Building, Architect, or Place:   
Examples:  "Fallingwater",  "Wright",  "Paris"       Advanced Search
Send this to a friend | Contribute | Subscribe | Link | Credits | Media Kit | Photo Licensing | Suggestions

Special thanks to our sustaining subscribers including
BuilderSpace.com, and Saniflo Upflush.
 

© 1994-2013 Artifice, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
http://www.GreatBuildings.com/buildings/Viipuri_Library.html