Woodland Chapel
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Architect Erik Gunnar Asplund
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Location Stockholm, Sweden   map
Date 1918 to 1920   timeline
Building Type funeral chapel
 Construction System wood frame
Climate cold
Context suburban
Style Eclectic romantic Scandinavian Pre-Modern
Notes Exterior rustic hipped roof on timber columns with classical domed space inside.
Images

 


Photo, exterior

Photo, interior
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Drawings

 


Plan Drawing

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Site Plan Drawing

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Elevation Drawing

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Elevation Drawing

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Discussion Woodland Chapel Commentary

"If ever the Modern Movement had its Parthenon, it must be Gunnar Asplund's Woodland Crematorium in Stockholm."

— Dan Cruickshank, Ed. AJ Masters of Building, Erik Gunnar Asplund. p100.

"Asplund and Lewerentz had been the joint winners of the competition for the Woodland Cemetery, the new cemetery to the south of Stockholm, in 1915. An initial small chapel, meant to be quite subordinate to the main chapel, once the latter had been built, was erected in time for the consecration in 1920."

— Claes Caldenby and Olof Hultin. Asplund. p66.

The Creator's Words

"It is subordinate already—to the woods. The situation did not permit a building volume large enough to stand out monumnetally against the natural setting. And so—for the avoidance of half-measures—the building was compressed until it modestly subordinated itself, insinuated itself into the woods, surrounded by spruce and pine trees towering to double its own height."

"Outside, in between the tree trunks, one sees only the greyish white of the walls and contrasting with the black shingling of the roof, Carl Milles' beautiful wrought-copper, gold-glittering Angel of Death.

The woodland approach leads straight up to the ante-room, supported by 12 columns, where the mourners gather and wait. The iron-bound doors open and, beyond the iron lattice gate inside one discerns the bright space of the chapel."

— Gunnar Asplund from Claes Caldenby and Olof Hultin. Asplund. p66.

Resources
Sources on Woodland Chapel

Claes Caldenby and Olof Hultin. Asplund. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-8478-0678-2. NA1293.A8C3513. p66. exterior photo from portico, p71, plate 94.

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. drawings and diagrams, p18-19. — Updated edition available at Amazon.com

Donald Corner and Jenny Young, University of Oregon. Slide from photographers' collection. PCD.2350.1012.1143.67, photo showing domed interior of chapel. PCD.2350.1012.1143.66, exterior photo, showing front of chapel with hypostyle entry porch.

Dan Cruickshank, ed. AJ Masters of Building, Erik Gunnar Asplund. Article by Bjorn Linn. Photographs by Martin Charles. London: The Architect's Journal, 1988. ISBN 1-870308-35-2. NA1293.A8A77. interior photo of chapel, p17, plate 33. exterior photo of chapel in the forest, p15, plate 29.

Dan Cruickshank, ed. AJ Masters of Building, Erik Gunnar Asplund. Article by James Codrington Forsyth. Photographs by Martin Charles. London: The Architect's Journal, 1988. ISBN 1-870308-35-2. NA1293.A8A77. p98-101.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at Amazon.com

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