Paimio Sanatorium
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Architect Alvar Aalto
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Location Paimio, Finland   map
Date 1929 to 1933   timeline
Building Type hospital
 Construction System concrete
Climate cold
Context rural
Style Early Modern
Notes Facing wings shifted off orthogonal alignment. Subtle structural expressionist details.






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Discussion Paimio Sanatorium Commentary

"Alvar Aalto's tuberculosis sanatorium, now a general hospital, remotely situated in thick forest about 29km (18 miles) east of Turku, is the building that first put Finland on the modern architectural map. Aalto's winning competition design was made in 1929 and the sanatorium was built in 1929-33. It is informally planned, each department occupying a separate wing and the wings radiating from the centre at different angles, determined by the direction of sunlight and view. The reinforced concrete frame construction is fully exposed and fully exploited aesthetically: taut and muscular yet gracefully modulated."

—J.M. Richards. 800 Years of Finnish Architecture. Vancouver: David and Charles, 1978. p144-5.

Sources on Paimio Sanatorium

Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. aggregate as whole diagram, p165. — 1996 edition available at

David Dunster, ed. Alvar Aalto. London: St. Martin's Press, 1978. p37-46.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.— Available at  Find books about Paimio Sanatorium


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