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|Location||Rome, Italy map|
|Date||1538 to ~ 1650 timeline|
|Building Type||plaza, piazza, urban open space, stairway|
|Notes||Elliptical courtyard with central figure sculpture. At the top of the "Cordonata" steps, also by Michelangelo. A short walk to the south (starting out south-west) from the Piazza Venezia.|
|Discussion||Piazza del Campidoglio Commentary
"A few years after he arrived in Rome, Pope Paul III (Farnese) decided to reshape the Capitoline Hill into a monumental civic piazza; Michelangelo designed the project and his Piazza del Campidoglio is one of the most significant contributions ever made in the history of urban planning. The hill's importance as a sacred site in antiquity had been largely forgotten due to its medieval transformation into the seat of the secular government and headquarters for the Roman guilds, and it was in forlorn condition when Michelangelo took charge of reorganizing it as a dynamic new center of Roman political life. The project went forward in slow stages with many interruptions; little was built before his death in 1564. It was begun in 1538 and was not completed until the seventeenth century, but Michelangelo's original design is preserved in engravings from the 1560s by étienne Duprac."
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture: from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. p313-14.
Sources on Piazza del Campidoglio
Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. aerial perspective drawing, p164. A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Donald Corner and Jenny Young. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1841.060.
Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4. NA200.F63. drawings, p837. The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
John Fitzhugh Millar. Classical Architecture in Renaissance Europe 1419-1585. Virginia: Thirteen Colonies Press, 1987. ISBN 0-934943-07-9. LC 86-50560. NA510.M55. elevation drawing, plate 18, p33.
Peter Murray. Architecture of the Renaissance. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1971. ISBN 8109-1000-4. LC 70-149850. NA510.M87. elevation drawing, fig316, p212.
Christian Norberg-Schulz. Baroque Architecture. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1986. ISBN 08478-0693-6. LC 85-30011. NA590.N6. perspective drawing on axis, f13, p21.
Alene Stickles, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection, August 1993. PCD.3189.1011.1916.071.
Marvin Trachtenberg and Isabelle Hyman. Architecture, from Prehistory to Post-Modernism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1986. ISBN 0-13-044702-1. NA200.T7. discussion p313-314. available at Amazon.com
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