Filippo Brunelleschi

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Works Church of San Spirito, at Florence, Italy, 1434 to 1482.

Ospedale Degli Innocenti, at Florence, Italy, 1424 to 1445.

Pazzi Chapel, at Florence, Italy, 1429 to 1461.

S. Maria degli Angeli, at Florence, Italy, 1434 to 1437.

San Lorenzo, Florence, at Florence, Italy, 1421 to 1440.

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Filippo Brunelleschi

(b. Florence, Italy 1377; d. Florence, Italy 1446)

Filippo Brunelleschi was born in Florence in 1377. He began his training in Florence as an apprentice goldsmith, gaining status as a master in 1404. He was active as a sculptor for most of his life.

Brunelleschi began his architectural career in 1404 when he acted as an advisor for the Santa Maria Novella, but his involvement with the cupola for the Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence marked his first foray as a practicing architect. He worked on this project off and on from 1417 until 1434. All of Brunelleschi's works indicate that he possessed inventiveness as both an engineer and as an architect.

Brunelleschi was the first architect to employ mathematical perspective to redefine Gothic and Romanesque space and to establish new rules of proportioning and symmetry. Although Brunelleschi was considered the main initiator of stylistic changes in Renaissance architecture, critics no longer consider him the "Father of the Renaissance".

Brunelleschi died in Florence in 1446.

Dennis Sharp. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Quatro Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. NA40.I45. p30-31.

Resources Sources on Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi : The Buildings. Howard Saalman. Pennsylvania State University Press (December 1993). ISBN 0271010673. — Available at

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. p793-797. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at   Find books about Filippo Brunelleschi

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