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|Location||Athens, Greece map|
|Construction System||bearing masonry, cut stone|
|Style||Ancient Greek Doric|
|Notes||Also known as The Theseion. relatively complete.|
|Discussion||Temple of Hephaestus Commentary
"The Temple of Hephaestus ('Theseion'), Athens, begun 449 BC, is very well-preserved externally. It was converted into a church by the Byzantine Greeks who, however, gutted the naos, constructed an apse at the east end and gave the temple its present concrete vault. The plan has a distinctive arrangement, the east porch being aligned with the third columns on the flanks. As in the Parthenon, over the porch the Doric frieze is replaced by a continuous Ionic frieze. The architrave, more suitably, has a continuous moulding at the top, rather than regulae and guttae. The building is almost wholly of Pentelic marble, except the lowest of the three steps, which is limestone."
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p131.
Sources on Temple of Hephaestus
Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. plan drawing of existing lacunaria, fig k, p128. plan drawing, fig l, p128. elevation and plan detail drawing of entablature, fig m, p128. transverse section drawing, fig f, p128. elevation drawing, fig g, p128. elevation drawing, fig d, p128. discussion, p131.
A. W. Lawrence. Greek Architecture. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967. NA270.L36. site plan drawing showing temple of hephaestus (theseion) in upper left, f144, p257. Agora Excavations, Athens.
G. E. Kidder Smith. Looking at Architecture. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. ISBN 0-8109-3556-2. LC 90-30728. NA200.S57 1990. photo of columns with shadow, p23.
Doreen Yarwood. The Architecture of Europe. New York: Hastings House, 1974. ISBN 0-8038-0364-8. LC 73-11105. NA950.Y37. perspective drawing of ambulatory, f35, p19. perspective drawing of facade, f36, p19.
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